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Volume: 27 Issue: 3 - 2008

EDITORIAL
A NEW THEORY OF ANO-RECTAL FUNCTION

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FOREWORD
A Musculo-Elastic Theory of anorectal function and dysfunction in the female
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
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FULL ISSUE PDF
Complete Issue September 2008

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SUMMARY
The Musculo-Elastic Theory of anorectal function and dysfunction in the female
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
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The Musculo-Elastic Theory for anorectal function and dysfunction in the female
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH, BYRON KAKULAS, IAN W. HOCKING, PETER RICHARDSON, BURGHARD ABENDSTEIN, CHRISTINA BRUGGER, ANTON FURTSCHEGGER, MICHAEL RIEGER
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ORIGINAL STUDY
Experimental Study No. 9: Double incontinence, urinary and fecal, cured by surgical reinforcement of the pubourethral ligaments
IAN W. HOCKING,
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
The Musculo-Elastic Theory of anorectal function and dysfunction
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
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Experimental Study No. 1: Directional muscle forces activate anorectal continence and defecation in the female
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
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Experimental Study No. 2: A direct test for the role of the pubourethral ligament in anorectal closure
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
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Study No. 3: Reflex contraction of the levator plate increases intra-anal pressure, validating its role in continence
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
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Experimental Study No. 4: Abdominal pressure increase during anorectal closure is secondary to striated pelvic muscle contraction
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
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Experimental Study No. 5: A prospective endoanal ultrasound study suggests that internal anal sphincter damage is unlikely to be a major cause of fecal incontinence
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
doi:   Pages  102 -  102 
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Experimental Study No. 8: Stress urinary incontinence results from muscle weakness and ligamentous laxity in the pelvic floor
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH, BYRON KAKULAS
doi:   Pages  107 -  109 
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Study No. 10: Fecal incontinence cure by surgical reinforcement of the pelvic ligaments suggests a connective tissue aetiology
PETER PETROS, PETER RICHARDSON
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Study No. 11: Ligamentous repair using the Tissue Fixation System confirms a causal link between damaged suspensory ligaments and urinary and fecal incontinence
BURGHARD ABENDSTEIN, PETER PETROS, PETER RICHARDSON
doi:   Pages  114 -  117 
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Study No. 12: Role of the uterosacral ligaments in the causation of rectal intussusception, abnormal bowel emptying, and fecal incontinence. A prospective study
BURGHARD ABENDSTEIN, CHRISTINA BRUGGER, ANTON FURTSCHEGGER, MICHAEL RIEGER, PETER PETROS
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CONCLUSION
Conclusions and future directions
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
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COMMENTARY
Study No. 7: Role of puborectalis muscle in anal continence. Comments on original 4D pelvic ultrasound data from Chantarasorn & Dietz
PETER PETROS, MICHAEL SWASH
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Commentary

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